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背了那么多英语作文模板,你真的会用吗?

  摘要:大家都知道:临阵磨枪,不快也光。特别是针对于英语作文,考前背模板成了所有考生不约而同都要做的事。你背我也背,大家都在背,单单只知道傻傻的背,真的有用吗?

  随着2018考研时间的临近,很多同学都已经开始把复习的精力转移到比较容易得分的专项上,对于英语来说,最容易提分的部分仍然是写作部分。大部分同学都认为只要考前背诵一些范文、模板就能考出不错的分数,但是事实并非如此。

  很多同学阅读过无数篇考研经验帖子,有些学姐学长告诉你考研英语作文套用模板就可以。但是大家在使用写作模板这个问题上是存在很大的误区的,经常出现这样那样的问题。

  ►套用模板的几种常见错误

  易犯错误一:模板中的句型套用不正确,不完整。

  比如:我们在书信结尾的时候会说I am looking forward to hearing from you. 而学生却把这句话写成了I am looked forward to hear from you. 这种现象非常普遍,可见,学生的写作态度并不是很端正,很认真。

  易犯错误二:模板中的句型和实际写作内容不匹配。

  比如:有的图画作文第二段要求根据图画所表达的含义进行深层次的论证,而学生套用的句型却是第二段写对比的句型,显然是没有正确理解句型使用的语言背景。

  再比如:小作文的摘要,是要根据汉语文章归纳出中心内容进行英语写作,这个一般都是客观的描述,而学生却用了一个写图画作文的模板,通篇都是"我"认为,这如何又能得高分呢?

  易犯错误三:模板套用千篇一律,没有新意。

  再好的模板,如果所有的学生都是用也就变成了一张白纸,没有任何亮点。而这个错误也正是急功近利的学生容易犯的。

  那么,英语作文模板到底可不可以用?

  可以用。模板给我们预先规定好写作的框架,可以帮助我们很快构思出每一段大致写什么内容。再者,通过背诵模板,可以有效弥补我们的词汇和句式多样性的匮乏,从遣词造句上迅速提升作文的水准。

  但是要注意方法,只靠通用的模板本身是很难在阅卷老师那里蒙混过关的,尤其是近年考研阅卷已经十分重视"反模板化"。模板用的好会给你的作文"锦上添花",用的不好反而会暴露你真实的"蹩脚"英语水平。我们要通过自己的练习,对模板不断完善升级,从而打造属于自己的个性化模板。

  ►三步教你打造属于自己的个性化模板

  第一步:

  要做到对自己所用模板的每个词每句话意思清楚,以及空缺的部分应该填补词还是句子。

  第二步:

  利用模板仿写真题和模拟题,反复实践。在实践中反复熟悉模板的内容以做到灵活的使用。在这个过程中,你写作的不足和障碍也会有效暴露出来,记得要及时的"补救"。

  而且大家可以根据你手上的模板中一些强烈模板句的开头或者连接句进行自己的改造,同时在可以尝试把多个模板糅合成一个你自己独创的新的模板。

  第三歩:

  在此基础之上,同学们还需要积累一些必要的写作素材,拓宽写作思路,这样才能真正做到在考场上"得心应手","言之有物"。

  比如,大家可以在阅读中学习写作,遇到使用范围较广的句子就可以记录下来,像环保类,法律类,道德品质类等,一般适用性都比较强。当然,随着写作能力的上升也可以不再拘泥于模板。

  ►案例:结合真题分析如何使用模板

  下面,我们结合一道非常具有代表性的真题来进行作文模板的分析。这道题是2010年(英语一)大作文题目。

  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

  1) describe the drawing briefly,

  2) explain its intended meaning, and then

  3) give your comments.

  You should write neatly on ANSHWER SHEET 2. (20 points)

  大家肯定对这道题十分熟悉。按照大作文评分标准中的"内容完整",我们需要将大作文写成3段话:第一段"描述图画";第二段"阐述寓意";第三段"个人评论"。这三个要求根本不用去记,因为题目当中已经有了。

  第一段的段落思路:"直观评价、整体描述、细节描述、过渡句"。

  第一句我们只需要对这幅图画进行直观评价就可以了。可以写成What an interesting picture it is! 怎么记?只要记住这是一个感叹句句式即可。

  第二句记忆的时候,弄清楚前后两个非限制性定语从句。As is vividly depicted in the  photo, a hot pot is boiling a lot of different things with much hot steam  gushing, which successfully captures our eyes.

  第三句可以写成After a close watch, it is not difficult to find that many kinds of culture have been mixed in the same small hot pot, symbolizing the exchange of many different kinds of culture from all over the world. 在记忆的时候,只需记住是"状语+it形式主语句+主干"即可。

  Apparently, what the drawing has subtly conveyed deserves a further analysis. 这是最后一句,相信大家能立马分清:这是主语从句。

  接着看第二段。第二段的思路是:"关键句(总)、具体原因(分)、结果分析"。

  例子:

  Theoretically, the phenomenon presented by the drawing brings us both  advantages and disadvantages. As for my part, the former outweighs its latter. On the top of list is that the same earth village could bring us much more commerce opportunities, which help the whole development of the world. In addition, there is the other point that no one can ignore. It is no doubt that more friendly cooperation from different countries may promote the development of diplomatic relations between countries. No other case can better illustrate the phenomenon than the picture above.

  其实,第一句就是"主谓宾"的结构,后面的原因句子,"On the top of list is that..."是我们教大家的框架句子。"In addition, there is the other point that..."这样的句式其实就是就是"There be +that从句"。

  来看最后一段。段落思路是"关键句+具体建议+结尾句"。由于本题属于"社会现象",所以可以写成以下段落。记忆这些句子时,注意句式:it形式主语句式、倒装句等。

  According to the analysis above, it is advisable for us to take steps to maximize its positive effects and minimize the disadvantages. Of all the steps, mass media tends to function essentially in the job. Only in this way can we make the best of the value of global communication between mass kinds of culture .

  所以同学们在准备考研英语作文时一定要把握住每个段落的思路,每个句式的特点。一定要弄清楚每个句子怎么构成的,只有先理解句子的语法构成,才能顺利记住这些"神通广大"的句子,并且将它们补齐写成自己特有的亮点句子。

  ►瞬间提升作文档次的金句:

  1.爱屋及乌 Love me, love my dog.

  2.百闻不如一见 Seeing is believing.

  3.比上不足比下有余 worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst.

  4.笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start.

  5.不眠之夜 white night

  6.不以物喜不以己悲 not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses

  7.不遗余力 spare no effort; go all out; do one's best

  8.不打不成交 No discord, no concord.

  9.拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul

  10.辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new

  11.大事化小小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all

  12.大开眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener

  13.国泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace

  14.过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little

  15.功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits.

  16.好了伤疤忘了疼 once on shore, one prays no more

  17.好事不出门恶事传千里 Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide.

  18.和气生财 Harmony brings wealth.

  19.活到老学到老 One is never too old to learn.

  20.既往不咎 let bygones be bygones

  21.金无足赤人无完人 Gold can't be pure and man can't be perfect.

  22.金玉满堂 Treasures fill the home.

  23.脚踏实地 be down-to-earth

  24.脚踩两只船 sit on the fence

  25.君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green

  26.老生常谈陈词滥调 cut and dried, cliché

  27.礼尚往来 Courtesy calls for reciprocity.

  28.留得青山在不怕没柴烧 Where there is life, there is hope.

  29.马到成功 achieve immediate victory; win instant success

  30.名利双收 gain in both fame and wealth

  31.茅塞顿开 be suddenly enlightened

  32.没有规矩不成方圆 Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards.

  33.每逢佳节倍思亲 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away.It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most.

  34.谋事在人成事在天 The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven. Man proposes, God disposes.

  35.弄巧成拙 be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself

  36.拿手好戏 masterpiece

  37.赔了夫人又折兵 throw good money after bad

  38.抛砖引玉 a modest spur to induce others to come forward with valuable contributions; throw a sprat to catch a whale

  39.破釜沉舟 cut off all means of retreat;burn one's own way of retreat and be determined to fight to the end

  40.抢得先机 take the preemptive opportunities

  41.巧妇难为无米之炊 If you have no hand you can't make a fist. One can't make bricks without straw.

  42.千里之行始于足下 a thousand-li journey begins with the first step-the highest eminence is to be gained step by step

  43.前事不忘后事之师 Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future.

  44.前人栽树后人乘凉 One generation plants the trees in whose shade another generation rests.One sows and another reaps.

  45.前怕狼后怕虎 fear the wolf in front and the tiger behind hesitate in doing something

  46.强龙难压地头蛇 Even a dragon (from the outside) finds it hard to control a snake in its old haunt - Powerful outsiders can hardly afford to neglect local bullies.

  47.强强联手 win-win co-operation

  48.瑞雪兆丰年 A timely snow promises a good harvest.

  49.人之初性本善 Man's nature at birth is good.

  50.人逢喜事精神爽 Joy puts heart into a man.

  51.人海战术 huge-crowd strategy

  52.世上无难事只要肯攀登 Where there is a will, there is a way.

  53.世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world;

  54.死而后已 until my heart stops beating

  55.岁岁平安 Peace all year round.

  56.上有天堂下有苏杭 Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth

  57.塞翁失马焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.

  58.三十而立 A man should be independent at the age of thirty.At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself.

  59.升级换代 updating and upgrading (of products)

  60.四十不惑 Life begins at forty.

  帮帮提醒:

  想要看模板大全,请点击:考研英语大小作文:11类模板助你高分

  【小编说】觉得文章内容不错的话,记得点一下右下角收藏哦~你的收藏是对我们最大的鼓励!

 

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