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  1: Romantic 浪漫的

  We associate this word with sweetness and love, but it emerged from the conquering powers of the Roman Empire.


  The expansion of ancient Rome created various dialects of Latin called "romans." (These evolved into Italian, French, Spanish, and others - the Romance languages.)


  "Romans" were used to write popular stories involving chivalric or courtly love, and such tales became known as romances.


  If we describe Rome today as a "romantic" city, we're using a word that has travelled a long way to come home.


  2: Valentine 情人;情人节礼物

  Christianity has more than one martyr named Valentine, and the one, true Valentine is uncertain.


  Romantics favor the tale of the third-century Roman emperor and priest Valentine. Supposedly, Valentine had fallen in love with his jailer's daughter, and shortly before his death sent a letter to her "from your Valentine."


  3: Amour 奸情

  In 2010, a poll of linguists rated amour - the French word for "love," simple and sweet - the most romantic word in the world. In English, the word gains drama and loses innocence.


  4: Adonis 美少年

  In Greek mythology, the beautiful young Adonis was beloved by both Persephone and Aphrodite, so Zeusdecreed the young man should divide his time and attention between the two goddesses.


  He was later killed by a wild boar - an attack that may have been arranged to avenge another of Adonis' romantic intrigues.


  5: Aphrodisiac 催欲的;春药

  Aphrodite, Greek goddess of love (who was infatuated with Adonis) gave the Greeks the words 'aphrodisia' (heterosexual pleasure) and 'aphrodisiakos' (a gem with aphrodisiac powers).



  To me, one of the most successful attributes of an aphrodisiac meal are colors, aromas, tastes and textures that wake up the palate and challenge the mind. - Amy Reiley

  于我而言,能激起人欲望的菜肴最成功的一些特性在于它那能挑拨味蕾、动摇思想的色香味和口感。- Amy Reiley

  6: Infatuation 醉心

  An infatuation, by definition, is an emotion that shouldn't be taken too seriously. The word's etymology makes the same point. It traces back to the Latin for "foolish" or "silly," as does another insulting term: fatuous.



  Infatuation is like a roller coaster ride - crazy, scary and somewhat fun, while love is something more down to earth, less exhilarating, less dramatic but more real.


  7: Casanova 风流汉

  In the 1700s, Giacomo Girolamo Casanova was a spy, a clergyman, a gambler, and apparently a man of charm. He was also a writer. His autobiographical musings about his more than 100 lovers made his name abyword for a man who loves too much.

  在18世纪,Giacomo Girolamo Casanova是一个间谍、教士、赌徒,一个极富魅力的男人。另外他还是一个作家,他在自传中诉说了自己与100多位恋人之间的故事,使得他的名字成为了多情男人的代号。

  8: Unrequited 没有回报的

  Where there's unrequited, there's requited. So what does requite mean? To requite is to give or do something in return for something that another person has given or done.


  So 'unrequited love' suggests an imbalance: too much love paid out and too little paid back.

  所以'unrequited love'表达了一种不平衡:付出了那么多爱却没得到多少回应。


  "... a good solution for unrequited love is, of course, new love." - Lucinda Rosenfeld

  解决无回报之爱的好办法毫无疑问就是开始一段新的恋爱。- Lucinda Rosenfeld

  9: Saccharine 甜得让人不舒服的,情感过分强烈而显夸张的

  Boxes of candy covered with cupids and hearts might, for some people, have a saccharine quality - both in sentiment and taste.


  For others, romantic and sugary excess is essential to Valentine's Day.


  Either way, saccharine comes from saccharum, Latin for "sugar." The word dates back to the 1600s. The calorie-free sweetener saccharin (without an e) arrived a couple hundred years later.


  10: Sweetheart 情人,爱人

  The Greeks and Egyptians believed the heart was the center of the emotions. English speakers borrowed the idea, and sweet + heart has been a term of endearment - particularly for romantic love - since the Middle Ages.

  希腊人和埃及人都相信,心是情感的中心。英语语言者借用了这一思想,于是从中世纪开始,sweet + heart就成为了一个表达爱意的词,尤其是浪漫的爱情。





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