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收藏版:历年考研英语真题常考词汇固定搭配

  摘要:考研英语完型中经常会考查一些词汇的固定搭配,如果不了解这些搭配很容易出现错选,考研帮为大家整理了历年考研真题中常考词汇固定搭配,考生可以收藏记忆下来,这样有助于提高做题的准确性和速度。
 

  ▶第一组

  by accident偶然

  on account of因为,由于

  in addition另外

  in addition to除……之外

  in the air在流行中,在传播中

  on (the/an) average平均,一般来说

  on the basis of根据,在……的基础上

  at (the) best充其量,至多

  for the better好转,改善

  on board在船(车、飞机)上

  out of breath喘不过气来

  on business因公,因事

  in any case无论如何,总之

  in case of假使,万一

  in case假如,以防(万一)免得

  in no case决不

  ▶第二组

  by chance偶然,碰巧

  in charge (of)负责,主管

  (a) round the clock昼夜不停地

  in common共用,共有,共同

  in conclusion最后,总之

  on condition that在……条件下

  in confidence信任

  in connection with/to关于

  in consequence因此,结果

  in consequence of由于……的缘故

  on the contrary反之,正相反

  in contrast with/to与……成对照

  out of control失去控制

  under control被控制住

  at all costs不惜任何代价

  at the cost of以……为代价

  ▶第三组

  in the course of在……过程中,在……期间

  of course当然,自然,无疑

  in danger在危险中,垂危

  out of danger脱离危险

  out of date过期(时)的

  up to date时新的

  in debt欠债

  in detail详细地

  in difficulties处境困难

  in the distance在远处

  off duty下班

  on duty值班,上班

  on earth究竟,到底

  at all events无论如何

  in any event无论如何

  in effect有效;实际上

  ▶第四组

  in the event of万一,如果发生

  for example例如

  with the exception of除……之外

  in the face of面对,不顾,即使

  in fact其实,实际上on fire烧着

  on foot步行in force有效;实施中

  in favo(u)r of有利于,赞成,支持

  in front of在……面前

  in (the) future今后,将来

  on guard警惕,防范

  in general通常,大体上

  in half成两半

  at hand在手边,在附近

  from tip to toe彻头彻尾,完全

  by hand用手

  hand down to往下传,传给(后代)

  ▶第五组

  hand in hand手拉手,携手

  in hand在掌握中,在控制中

  on hand在手边,临近on (the) one hand...一方面……,

  on the other hand...另一方面……

  at heart在内心;实质上

  by heart牢记,凭记忆

  at home在家,在国内;自在,自如

  in honor of以纪念,向……表示敬意

  on one’s honor以名誉担保

  in a hurry匆忙地,立即

  for instance例如,举例说

  at intervals不时,时时

  at last最终,终于

  at least至少,最低限度

  in the least一点,丝毫

  ▶第六组

  at length终于,最后;详细地

  in the light of按照,根据

  in line成一直线,排成一行

  in line with与……一致,按照

  at a loss困惑,不知所措

  as a matter of fact其实,事实上

  by all means无论如何,必定

  by means of借助于,用

  by no means决不

  in memory of纪念

  at the mercy of在……支配下

  by mistake错误地

  at the moment现在,此刻

  for a moment片刻,一会儿

  for the moment现在,暂时

  in a moment立刻,马上

  ▶第七组

  in nature本质上

  on occasion有时,不时

  in order秩序井然,整齐

  in group to以便,为了

  in group that以便

  out of order发生故障,失调

  on one’s own独自地,独立地

  in particular特别地,尤其,详细地

  in the past在过去,以往

  in person亲自

  in place在适当的位置

  in place of代替

  in the first place起初,首先

  in the last place最后

  out of place不得其所的,不适当的

  on the point即将……的时候

  ▶第八组

  to the point切中要害,切题

  in practice在实际中,实际上

  out of practice久不练习,荒疏

  at present目前,现在

  for the present目前,暂时

  in proportion to(与……)成比例的

  in public公开地,当众

  for (the) purpose of为了

  on purpose故意,有意

  with the purpose of为了

  in question正在考虑

  at random随意地,任意地

  at any rate无论如何,至少

  by reason of由于

  as regards关于,至于

  with/in regard to对于,就……而论

  ▶第九组

  in/with relation to关系到

  with respect to关于

  as a result结果,因此

  as a result of由于……的结果

  in return作为报答,作为回报

  on the road在旅途中

  as a rule规章,规则;通常,照例

  in the long run最终,从长远观点看

  for the sake of为了……起见

  on sale出售;贱卖

  on a large scale大规模地

  on a small scale小规模地

  in secret秘密地,私下地

  in a sense从某种意义上说

  in shape处于良好状态

  on the side作为兼职,额外

  ▶第十组

  at first sight乍一看,初看起来

  in sight被看到,在望

  out of sight看不见,在视野之外

  in spite of不管,不顾;尽管,虽然

  on the spot当场,在现场

  in step同步,合拍

  out of step步调不一致,不协调

  in stock现有,备有

  in sum总而言之

  in tears流着泪,含泪,哭

  in terms of依据,按照;用……措词

  for one thing首先,一则

  on the second thoughts经重新考虑,一转念

  at a time每次,一次

  at no time从不,决不

  at one time同时,曾经,从前曾

  ▶第十一组

  at the same time但是,然而

  at times有时

  for the time being目前,暂时

  from time to time有时,不时

  in no time立即,马上

  in time及时,适时地

  on time准时

  on top of在……之上

  out of touch失去联系

  in truth事实上,实际上,的确

  on try试穿

  by turns轮流,交替地

  in turn依次,轮流

  in vain徒劳,无效

  a variety of种种,各种

  by virtue of由于

  ▶第十二组

  by the way顺便提一下,另外

  by way of经由,通过……方式

  in a way在某点,在某种程度上

  in no way决不

  in the way of妨碍

  in one’s/the way妨碍,阻碍

  after a while过了一会,不久

  for a while暂时,一时

  on the whole总的来说

  in a word总而言之

  in other words换句话说,也就是说

  at work在工作,忙于

  out of work失业

  in the world到底,究竟

  ▶第十三组

  have/gain access to可以获得

  take...into account考虑

  gain/have an advantage over胜过,优于

  pay the way for为……铺平道路

  take advantage of利用,趁……之机

  pay attention to注意

  do/try one’s best尽力,努力

  get the best of胜过

  make the best of充分利用,妥善处理

  get the better of打败,致胜

  catch one’s breath屏息,歇口气

  take care小心,当心

  take care of照顾,照料

  take a chance冒险一试

  take charge of担任,负责

  keep company with与……交往,与……

  take delight in以……为乐

  with delight欣然,乐意地

  ▶第十四组

  make a/the difference有影响,很重要

  carry/bring into effect使生效,使起作用

  puts into effect实行,生效

  come/go into effect生效,实施

  take effect生效,起作用

  catch one’s eye引人注目

  keep an eye on留意,照看

  make a face做鬼脸

  find fault埋怨,挑剔

  catch fire着火

  come/go into force生效,实施

  make friends交朋友,友好相处

  be friends with对……友好,与……交上朋友

  make fun of取笑,嘲弄

  keep one’s head保持镇静

  lost one’s head不知所措

  ▶第十五组

  lose heart丧失勇气,失去信心

  get/learn by heart记住,背诵

  get hold of抓住,掌握

  keep house管理家务,做家务

  throw/cast light on使明白,阐明

  bear/keep in mind记住

  have in mind记住,考虑到,想到

  make up one’s mind下决心

  come/go into operation使投入生产,使运转

  put in order整理,检修

  keep/hold pace with跟上,与……同步

  play a part起作用

  take place发生,进行

  take the place of代替

  come to the point说到要点,扼要地说

  bring/carry into practice实施,实行

  ▶第十六组

  make progress进步,进展

  give rise to引起,使发生

  make sense讲得通,有意义

  catch the sight of发现,突然看见

  (go) on the stage当演员

  take one’s time不急不忙,从容进行

  keep in touch保持联系

  keep track通晓事态,注意动向

  lose track失去联系

  make use of利用

  put to use使用,利用

  give way让路,让步

  lead the way带路,引路

  make one’s way前进,进行

  make way让路,开路

  keep one's word遵守诺言

  ▶第十七组

  act on作用

  appeal to呼吁,要求

  attempt at企图,努力

  attitude to/towards态度,看法

  a great/good deal of大量(的),许多(的)

  influence on影响

  interference in干涉

  interference with妨碍,打扰

  introduce to介绍

  a lot (of)许多(的),大量(的)

  lots of大量,很多

  fall in love with相爱,爱上

  a matter of(关于……)的问题

  a number of若干,许多

  reply to回答,答复

  a series of一系列,一连串

  ▶第十八组

  trolley bus电车

  I. D. card身份证

  credit card信用卡

  no doubt无疑,必定

  next door隔壁

  out of doors在户外

  face to face面对面地

  as matter of fact实际情况,真相

  a few有些,几个

  quite a few还不少,有相当数目的

  a little一点,稍微,一些,少许

  little by little逐渐地

  quite a little相当多,不少

  no matter无论

  the moment (that)一……就

  no more不再

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