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考研英语时文赏读(146):电子烟对牙齿也有损害?

  Vaping may be harming your teeth, too

  电子烟可能对你的牙齿也有损害

  Americans are smoking fewer cigarettes than ever. But this doesn’t mean cigarettes are completely on the way out. Vaping devices, also known as electronic cigarettes, have exploded in popularity in recent years.

  如今,美国人抽的烟比以往任何时候都少。但这并不意味着香烟将完全消失。近年来,电子烟越来越受欢迎。

  Leading the way is Juul, which holds nearly three-quarters of the U.S. market share. From 2017 to 2018, Juul sales increased by nearly 800 percent.

  目前在电子烟销售市场领先的当属Juul公司,它占据了美国近四分之三的市场份额。2017年至2018年,Juul的销量增长了近800%。

  While these devices might seem at first blush to be healthier than smoking, they carry many of the same risks — and even a few new risks.

  虽然乍看一下电子烟似乎比吸烟更健康,但吸食电子烟也同样存在许多的健康风险,甚至还会引起一些新的风险。

  Since last month, federal officials have reported more than 400 cases of serious lung illness that may be tied to vaping. Dr Barbara Keber, chair of family medicine at Northwell Health’s Glen Cove Hospital in New York, told Healthline it’s a serious situation.

  自上个月以来,美国联邦官员已经报告了400多起可能与吸食电子烟有关的严重肺病病例。纽约诺斯威尔健康中心格伦湾医院的家庭医学主任芭芭拉·克伯医生向健康热线反映,电子烟引发了严重的健康危害。

  Your family doctor will likely tell you that vaping is an addictive habit that’s bad for your body. Your dentist, meanwhile, may have a few thoughts on why it’s bad for your teeth. Like cigarettes, vaping devices — Juul or otherwise — are not good for oral health.

  你的家庭医生可能会告诉你,吸食电子烟会上瘾,会对你的身体有害。与此同时,牙医可能会告诉你为什么它对你的牙齿有害。和香烟一样,电子烟(不论是Juul还是其他品牌的电子烟)不利于口腔健康。

  One study, released last year by the American Chemical Society, did indeed conclude that vaping chemicals may damage DNA, thus increasing the risk of developing cancer.

  美国化学学会去年公布的一项研究得出结论,蒸汽类化学品可能会对DNA造成破坏,从而增加罹患癌症的风险。

  (全文共205个词)

  重难点词汇:

  explode  vi. 爆炸,爆发;激增 vt. 使爆炸;爆炸;推翻

  addictive  adj. 使人上瘾的

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