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冲刺阶段语法划重点!并列句、倒装句

  摘要:大家都知道阅读题型当中的细节题占到了所有题目中半数以上,而细节题就是考查对原文中长难句的理解。下面就是总结出来的长难句高频常考句型的知识点,希望广大考生未雨绸缪,早作准备。

  一、并列句型

  由并列连词连接、含有两个或更多主谓结构的句子叫并列句。

  表示转折对比关系的并列连词

  1.but

  2.yet但是;尽管如此

  3.while而,但是,可是,却

  表示因果关系的并列连词

  1.for因为

  2.so因此

  表示选择关系的连词or

  表示并列关系的并列连词

  1.and和,同,与,又,并且

  2.not only...but also...不仅……而且

  3.neither...nor...既不……也不

  4.both...and...既……又

  其他并列连词

  1.not...but...不是……而是

  2.rather than而不是;与其……宁愿

  3.when正当那时,相当于and at that time

  二、倒装句型

  倒装句的几种形式

  1.以here,there,then,now,next引出的倒装句。

  Here comes the special guest of the party.

  There seem to be many beautiful girls in the university.

  2.以表地点的介词短语引出的倒装句。

  At the school gate stood an old woman

  Under the tree are sitting some students.

  On the bed lay a big teddy bear.

  注意:主语为代词是不用倒装。

  3.以表示方位的副词引出的倒装句。

  Off went the horse.

  Down fell a dozen apples.

  4.否定词或具有否定意义的词及词组用在句首。

  Never have I seen such a good teacher.

  Not a moment did he waste on campus.

  By no means should she be left alone.

  Under no circumstances will I believe you.

  5.only置于句首。

  Only in this way can we make a difference.

  6.as/though引导让步状语从句。

  Rich as he is,he spends a cent oncharity.

  Try as/though he does,he never seems able to get a high score in the exams.

  7.在虚拟条件句中,连词if省略时,即将were,had,should等词提到句首。

  Were I you,I would take this chance.

  Should he come tomorrow,he would help us to settle the problem.

  考研不简单,实现自己的梦想也不容易,但是!不代表不可能,尽量在今天多做点事情,不要把事情推到明天。不要对“重复”这一简单的方法不屑一顾,你会逐渐发现,重复复习、反复复习,到了考场上才有可能成为王者。

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