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英美文学常考名词解释(2)

  【摘要】前几天我们和大家分享了英美文学常考名词解释的第一部分,现在继续给大家分享着部分的内容。不知道前面的知识掌握得怎么样了?一定要经常复习,温故而知新。

  21. Classicism (古典主义)

  A movement or tendency in art, literature, or music that reflects the principles manifested in the art of ancient Greece and Rome.

  古典主义:一种在文学,艺术,音乐领域体现古代希腊,罗马风格的运动。

  22. Climax (高潮)

  The point of greatest intensity, interest, or suspense in a narrative.

  23. Comedy (喜剧)

  A dramatic work that is often humorous or satirical in tone and usually contains a happy resolution of the thematic conflict.

  喜剧:轻松的和常有幽默感的或在调子上是讽刺的戏剧作品,常包括主题冲突的愉快解决

  24. Conceit (奇想)

  A kind of metaphor that makes a comparison between two startlingly different things.

  奇想:一种在截然不同的事物之间建立起的比喻。

  25. Conflict (冲突)

  A struggle between two opposing forces or characters in a short story, novel, play, or narrative poem.

  冲突:故事,小说,戏剧中相对的力量和人物之间的对立。

  26. Connotation (外延)

  All the emotions and associations that a word or phrase may arouse.

  外延:包括单词字面意思之外的或被该词汇唤起的全部内涵的意义。

  27. Consonance (辅音韵)

  The repetition of consonants or a consonant pattern, especially at the ends of words.

  辅音韵:辅音或辅音模式的重复,尤指位于词尾的。

  28. Couplet (双韵体)

  A unit of verse consisting of two successive lines, usually rhyming and having the same meter and often forming a complete thought or syntactic unit.

  双韵体:包括两个相连的诗行的一种诗的单位,通常压韵并具有同样的格律,经常组成一个完整的意思和句法单位

  29. Heroic couplet (英雄双韵体)

  A couplet written in iambic pentameter is called a heroic couplet.

  英雄双韵体:五步抑扬格的双韵体称英雄双韵体。

  30. Denotation (内涵)

  The literal or dictionary meaning of a word.

  直接意义:一个词的字面意义或词典意义。

  31. Denouement (结局)

  The final resolution or clarification of a dramatic or narrative plot.

  结局:戏剧或叙事场景的最后结果。

  32. Diction (措辞)

  A writer‘s choice and use of words in speech or writing, particularly for clarity, effectiveness, and precision.

  措词:讲话或书写中,出于表述清晰,言简意赅对词语的使用或选择。

  33. Dissonance

  A harsh or disagreeable combination of sounds; discord.

  34. Dramatic monologue (戏剧独白)

  A kind of narrative poem in which one character speaks to one or more listeners whose replies are not given in the poem.

  35. Elegy (挽歌)

  A poem or song composed especially as a lament for a deceased person.

  挽歌,挽诗:专门为悼念某一死者所写的诗或歌.

  36. Emblematic Image (象征)

  A verbal picture of figure with a long tradition of moral or religious meaning attached to it.

  37. Epic (史诗)

  An extended narrative poem in elevated or dignified language, celebrating the feats of a legendary or traditional hero.

  史诗:用严肃或庄重的语言写成的叙事长诗,歌颂传奇中或历史上英雄的丰功伟绩

  38. Epigram (隽语)

  A concise, clever, often paradoxical statement, susally in the form of a poem.

  隽语:一个简明,机智,常常似是而非的陈述,经常以诗的形式出现

  39. Epigraph (引语/开场白)

  A motto or quotation at the beginning of a literary composition, setting forth a theme.

  引语:在一部文学作品开头的引言,警句,阐明主题

  40. Epilogue (结语/收场白)

  A short addition or concluding section at the end of a literary work, often dealing with the future of its characters. Also called In this sense, also called afterword

  结语:文学作品结束时简短的附加或总结性章节,常常关于作品人物的未来也作 在此意义上也可称作 afterword.

  (我是实习小编夏至:路虽远,行则至;事虽难,做必成。)

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